Marathi is classified as an Indo-Aryan language (belonging to the
southern branch of the Indo-Aryan language family along with
Konkani). The following are the previous extensive surveys of
variation in the Marathi language:
- Linguistic Survey of India, 1905. Vol. VII. George Grierson (Ed.).
New Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. Digital copies of the volume
and gramophone recordings made during the survey may be
found at https://dsal.uchicago.edu/books/lsi/.
- A Dialect Survey of Marathi. Amrit M. Ghatage (Ed.). The survey
was conducted by the Deccan College, Pune. The survey
findings were published by the Maharashtra State Board for
Literature and Culture, Mumbai in the form of eight
monographs published between 1963 and 1973. This partial
survey of Marathi includes the following dialects: Kudali, Kunbi,
Gawdi, Konkani of South Canara, Marati of Kasargod, Dialect of
Cochin, and Konkani of Kankon. Digital copies of the
monographs may be found at https://www.sahitya.marathi.gov.in.
A Dialect Atlas of Marathi: A Pilot Study [Published in Marathi
‘Marathicha Bhashik Nakasha: Purvatayari]. Ramesh Dhongde
(Ed.). Mumbai: Rajya Marathi Vikas Sanstha, 2013. This survey of
lexical variation in Marathi was carried out at the Deccan
College, Pune and was funded by the Rajya Marathi Vikas
Sanstha, Mumbai. The survey was carried out in eight selected
centres in Maharashtra and it included the elicitation of 2500
words across thirty-five semantic fields.
People’s Linguistic Survey of India. [Published in Marathi
‘Maharashtrache Loksarvekshan’] Arun Jakhade (Ed.) Pune:
Padmagandha Prakashan. 2013.
Publications of individual regional and social dialects of Marathi may
be found in the journal Bhasha ani Jeewan.